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Health Benefits

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  • Spirulina contains porphyrin and bio-chelated iron which help in curing anemia.
  • Porphyrin is a red compound that forms the active nucleus of haemoglobin.
  • Spirulina, especially the easily assimilated protein, folic acid, vitamin E, blood-building vitamins B12, folic acid and the amino acids, make it an ideal food source for persons suffering from anemia. (Tietze, 2004)
  • Spirulina is having immune- stimulating and antiviral activities.
  • It acts directly on myeloid lineages and either directly or indirectly on Lymphocytes, Macrophages, Hematopoetic stem cells and NK cells (Blinkova et. al., 2001; Hirasahi et. al., 2002).
  • It also stimulates the production of Interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and other cytokines (Yakoot et. al., 2012; Hirasahi et. al., 2002).
  • It contains bioactive proteins to stimulate the intestinal immune system and enhance the responsiveness to vaccines (Selmi et. al., 2011)
  • Spirulina has shown to perform regulatory role on lipid and carbohydrate metabolism by exhibiting glucose and lipid profile correcting activity in experimental animals and in diabetic patients (Khan et al., 2005).

It helps in regulation of blood glucose level in following ways:

  • Utilization of glucose at peripheral sites
  • Greater uptake of glucose from blood by liver cells
  • Potentiation of the pancreatic secretion of insulin from islet β-cell
  • Stimulate glycogenesis in the liver which is enhanced by feeding
  • Inhibition of endogenous synthesis of lipids and down regulation of lipogenesis
  • Lower risk of the tissues for oxidation stress and high resistance for diabetes
  • Spirulina can stimulate the immunological system and the gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) present in it stimulates the prostaglandin synthesis, which are involved in regulation of the blood pressure (Lemes et. al., 2012).
  • As it has a rich profile of antioxidants like vitamins C and E, it is further helpful in lowering of blood pressure (Kumari et. al., 2011). Spirulina is rich in potassium thus also prevents blood clots in arteries by preventing platelets aggregation.
  • Spirulina helps in reducing blood cholesterol level particularly LDL type and thus reducing the risk of cardiovascular problems.
  • It upregulates the HDL cholesterol, which is helpful in reverse translocation of cholesterol from blood to liver (Ramamoorthy and Premakumari, 1996).
  • Further supplementation of Spirulina in your diet helps in reduction of hyper-cholesterolemic atherosclerosis (Cheong et. al., 2010).
  • It improves general health, relieves fatigue, strengthens the spleen, regulates the blood fat level, reducs tri-glycerides, and keeps the heart healthy.
  • Spirulina is rich in GLA, which protects the skin from UV rays of sun.
  • β-carotene gives elasticity to skin and together with Vitamin E, selenium and Zinc, it helps to deep cleanse the skin.
  • Spirulina is rich in vitamins and ideal for skin treatment. Vitamin E promotes the formation of skin cells and improves blood circulation in body (Moorhead et. al., 1993).
  • Spirulina which is a rich source of GLA, decreases the proinflammatory Prostaglandins-E2 production, which in turn led to decrease of IgE production and inflammations of air passageways.
  • Further β-carotene, Vitamin E and Selenium content of Spirulina help in scavenging endogenous and/or environmental oxidant sources of free radicals thus help pulmonary functions to act properly (Gershwin and Belay, 2008).
  • Rich protein content of Spirulina helps in over all maintenance of body and immune system (Labhe et. al., 2001).
  • Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, swelling and heat. These symptoms result from the activities of cytokines, chemokines, histamines, leukotrienes, prostaglandins, reactive oxygen species and nitrogen species. They mainly target local blood vessels, where they enhance blood flow, induce vasodilation and increase the permeability of vessel walls (Tietze, 2004).
  • The role of Phycocyanin in COX-2 inhibition results in the potential application of Spirulina in the management of inflammatory conditions and toxicity due to chemicals and drugs (Belay, 2002).
  • Spirulina has a rich profile of antioxidants which can scavenge peroxyl, hydroxyl, alkoxyl, superoxide radicals due to ROS generation. Spirulina is the potent inhibitor of NADPH oxidase which Promotes NF-kB and proliferation of cells, which further causes inflammation and inhibit neutrophil activation.
  • Polysaccharides of Spirulina improve the immune system to combat against cancer-drug resistance.
  • Spirulina induces apoptosis in tumour cells as evidented by presence of hypodiploid DNA population, caspase activation, DNA fragmentation, etc. It has also been suggested by Karkos et. al., 2011, that combined antioxidant and immune modulation characteristics of Spirulina has a possible anticancer mechanism.
  • Spirulina contains both Tyrosine and Phenylalanine, which directly influence the neurotransmitters (norepinephrine and dopamine) in brain which control appetite (RamSpirulina contains both Tyrosine and Phenylalanine, which directly influence the neurotransmitters (norepinephrine and dopamine) in brain which control appetite (Ramamoorthi and Premakumari, 1996).
  • It is a rich source of GLA, which has a specific effect on the endocrine system, helping restore hormone, health and normalise insulin activity, so blood sugar levels stabilise and hunger cravings reduce.
  • amoorthi and Premakumari, 1996).
  • It is a rich source of GLA, which has a specific effect on the endocrine system, helping restore hormone, health and normalise insulin activity, so blood sugar levels stabilise and hunger cravings reduce.
  • Spirulina is very rich in β-carotene, which protects the skin by providing elasticity. Together with vitamin E, Selenium and Zinc, β-carotene helps to deep cleanse the skin.
  • Chlorophyll in Spirulina is very beneficial for a healthy skin, due to its cell building factor and oxygen storing ability. It is also beneficial against skin inflammations.
  • Gamma Linolenic acid (GLA) present in Spirulina protects the skin against UV radiation, dehydration and activates the blood circulation of the skin. Minerals are easily absorbed by the skin and are beneficial for an optimal function of the skin.
  • he high content of the natural amino acid like Tyrosine in Spirulina slows down the ageing process of cells. It is also involved in the coloration of hair and skin, and helps with sun burn protection. Vitamins presence is suitable as a nourishing moisturiser for dry older skin with under active sebaceous glands.
  • As a natural antioxidant, Vitamin E promotes the formation of skin cells, improves blood circulation and helps relieve symptoms of dermatitis and acne in teenagers (Moorhead et al., 1993; Tietze, 1999).
  • Spirulina is having natural iodine and Selenium, which nourishes the thyroid, protects all glandular tissues and ultimately supports both immune and metabolic function.
  • Phenylalanine present in it is used by the thyroid for the production of tyrosine (Triggiani et al., 2009; Kharrazian, 2010; Shames and Shames, 2002, Tietze, 1999).
  • Spirulina has a relatively high content of arginine which is important for males, as the seminal fluid is 80% arginine (Tietze, 1999).
  • Essential Fatty Acids present in Spirulina in the form of linolenic acid, linoleic acid and arachidonic acid too aid in protaglandin functions, necessary for hormonal balance and blood pressure regulation, especially important for pregnancy.
  • Researchers also suggested that Spirulina aids in helping women with preeclampsia during pregnancy or preventing it from happening. Preeclampsia is associated with increased oxidative stress in both the placenta and vascular system of the mother. NADPH oxidase has been shown to be the number one source for oxidant stress.
  • Phycocyanin contained in Spirulina has been shown to inhibit NADPH, which further help to protect mother and child from preeclampsia (McCarty et al).
  • Spirulina has long been used safely as a food, and even at high doses, no adverse effects or teratogenicity was observed. Hence, its consumption is safe to pregnant women.
  • It is recommended for pregnant and nursing mothers as they need Spirulina’s extra easy-to-digest complete protein and bioavailable iron. National Institute of Nutrition (NIN), Hyderabad has conducted several studies for Spirulina effect against anaemia and reports suggested that intake of Spirulina can plug iron deficiency among anaemic pregnant women. Moreover Spirulina is the only available plant source of vitamin-B12 and rich source of GLA the main precursor to the body’s prostaglandins, the chemical which control many of body functions (Umesh, 2002).
  • Preeclampsia, characterized by high blood pressure, water retention and increased amount of protein in urine is very common during 2nd and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy and even just after delivery. If left untreated it can lead to premature delivery, termination of delivery or stop the child growth. Sufficiently high intake of Spirulina may have potential for prevention and control of preeclampsia. Possible mechanism must be presence of high-dose folate supplementation in Spirulina, which acts as a scavenger of peroxynitrite, one of the major cause of Preeclampsia (Rezk et al., 2003).